Patiala district (Malwayi:ਪਟਿਆਲਾ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) is one of the twenty two districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. Districts of Punjab along with their headquarters Patiala District lies between 29 49’ and 30 47’ north latitude, 75 58’ and 76 54′ east longitude, in the southeast part of the state. It is surrounded by Fatehgarh Sahib, Rupnagar and Mohali to the north, Fatehgarh Sahib and Sangrur districts to the west, Ambala, Panchkula, Haryana to the North East and Kurukshetra districts of neighbouring Haryana state to the east, and Kaithal district of Haryana to the south west. Baba Ala Singh (1691–1765) a Sikh chieftain from village Rampura Phul in Bathinda District of Punjab, with his army of young brave men migrated to Barnala where Baba Ala Singh in 1763 set up his new state. Later Baba Ala Singh moved to a small village of Lehal where he built a new city on the village naming it as Patiala, he laid the foundations of a steady and stable state known as Phulkian Dynasty south to Sirhind. In and around Patiala District he founded many villages within his territory, and reconstructed many historical Gurdwaras relating to Sikh Religion. It was since Baba Ala Singh time that Patiala District came into being as before the area was under the Sirhind Government, Baba Ala Singh made Sirhind, Tohana, Mansa, Bathinda, Sangrur and Barnala, Fatehabad District part of Patiala State. In 1809 Patiala State came under British protection during the reign of Maharaja Sahib Singh (1773–1813) of Phulkian Dynasty, as he feared that Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore would cross the sutlej river and take the district and state so the Patiala rulers got the British to protect them from further invasion from 1809-1947 Patiala remained under British Protection. In 1948 Patiala Princely State was Abolished by the Indian government. Patiala District was further divided into Fatehgarh Sahib District on the 13 April 1992 Vaisakhi. Patiala district population mainly follows Sikhism with lesser number of Hindus and smaller numbers of Christians & Muslims. Patiala having a population of 1,892,282 is the 4th most populated district of the Punjab after Ludhiana, Amritsar and Jalandhar as per 2011 census.